Building your own home is quite an exciting thought. You are practically creating a space from scratch and it’s tailored to all your needs. The thing is; if you have no knowledge whatsoever of how most houses are built, you may not understand the process.
Even worse, dealing with contractors may drive you over the edge. Altogether, it makes the building process more engaging and immersive if you know your onions. With that in mind, here is how most houses are built; the building process explained.
- Excavate the construction site and lay the foundation.
Once the site is cleared, the construction crew erects wooden forms which act as a guide for the foundation. Based on that, they dig the required holes and trenches. Then the footings are formed just before the holes and trenches are filled with concrete. Once that’s done, no construction work can be done till it sets. Nevertheless, it is at this stage that building materials are moved into the site.
- Framing the structure.
The next step is to frame the actual building. This involves putting up a kind of skeletal structure that will shape the walls, partitions and and hold up the roof. With the frame in place, windows and doors can be added as well as a basement floor. Also at this stage, the preliminary set up for plumbing and electrical is also factored in.
As soon as the basic frame is up, the siding and roofing can be put in. It’s at that point the more electrical work can be done. The receptacles for the outlets as well as the lights and their switches can be put in. It is also at this stage that insulation is installed.
- Work on the wall plate.
This is still part of the actual structure. With the frame in place it is time to build the superstructure up until the wallplate. It is now time to scarf, bed and tie down the wall plate with straps. Once that’s done, the carpenters take over. The build in end trusses to use as templates. Then there’s the gable ends (and chimney), these may require some extra scaffolding. Once that is done, the roof can be mounted.
- Interior/exterior details.
At this point the outside walls can be insulated, along with the roof before the drywall is added to the mix. Temperature control systems can also be added, this includes the fireplace if that’s an option. At this point, beautification can begin; paint can be applied to the walls and ceilings. The floors can be put in as well as any fixings such as tiles, doors and cabinets.
In addition to that, siding can also be installed on the exterior. That comes alongside decks and porches. If it is included in the plan, this is the point where the driveway should be graded. Then the contractor can proceed to put in the walkways.
Note that through all this, there will be multiple permits needed. Additionally, there will be a number of inspections throughout the entire process.